About us

The Heinrich Böll Foundation is a catalyst for green visions and projects, a think tank for policy reform, and an international network. The primary objectives guiding our work are establishing democracy and human rights, fighting against environmental degradation, safeguarding everyone’s rights of social participation, supporting non-violent conflict resolution and defending the rights of individuals. We work with over 100 project partners in over 60 countries and currently maintain offices in 32 countries.


Craig Morris
Born in the United States, Craig has been living in Germany since 1992 and working in the renewables sector since 2001. He is currently a Senior Fellow at the IASS. In 2002, he founded Petite Planète, a translation and documentation agency focusing on renewables. He is the author of two books in German and English, has served as editor of several energy magazines, and is contributing editor at Renewables International. In 2013 and 2014, he served as technical editor of IRENA’s REmap 2030, and in 2014, he won the IAEE’s award for journalism in energy economics. He is co-author of the book “Energy Democracy.”

Martin Pehnt
A trained physicist, Martin is scientific and managing director of the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research (ifeu), where he also heads the Energy Department. He previously worked at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (USA) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR). He now serves as an advisor for many national and international organizations, including German federal ministries, the Environmental Protection Agency, environmental NGOs, utilities, the World Bank, IRENA and the GIZ. Pehnt teaches at various universities.


Rebecca Bertram
leads the European Energy Transition work at the Heinrich Böll Foundation’s Headquarters in Berlin. Her work focuses on integrating the various European energy discussions into the German energy decision-making process. Before returning to Berlin, Rebecca was the Program Director of the Energy and Environment Program at the Foundation’s Washington office. She holds a Master’s degree in International Affairs and Economics from the Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS).

Dr. Radostina Primova
is the Director of the Climate and Energy Programme at the Heinrich Böll Foundation office in Brussels. Prior to this, she worked as an EU Affairs Consultant at Hinicio, specialising in EU sustainable energy projects, in particular in relation to the development of renewable energy, hydrogen storage and energy efficiency technologies. She also contributed extensively to the evaluation of Intelligent Energy Europe projects supporting sustainable energy communities – a study commissioned by EASME. Radostina holds a BA in Integrated European Studies, an MA in Political Science from the University of Bremen and a PhD in Political Sciences from the VUB Brussels.

Silvia Weko
is the project assistant for the German Energy Transition project at the headquarters of the Heinrich Böll Foundation. She is currently pursuing an MA in European History at the Humboldt University in Berlin.

Media Development

Lucid. Berlin
As a media solutions laboratory Lucid develops tools and designs which enable foundations, NGOs and institutions to inform, foster dialog and involve people. www.energytransition.de is the second international web project after discover boell that lucid has designed and produced for the Heinrich Böll Foundation.

About the project

Germany has drawn a lot of international attention for its aim to switch to a renewable energy economy and leave nuclear and fossil energy behind. A lot of the international reporting about the German Energy Transition, or Energiewende, has, however, been misleading – for instance, when it comes to the role of coal power, energy price trends, competitiveness and carbon emissions.

This website explains what the Energiewende is, how it works, and what challenges lay ahead. It is intended to provide facts and explain the politics and policies to an international audience. The website highlights the effects of the Energiewende on the German economy, environment and society and addresses the most important related questions. We also highlight that energy transitions can be structured very differently around the world depending on the energy mix and policy priorities of individual countries.

On our Energiewende Blog, a team of international energy experts write on how the German energy transition continues and how it relates to other countries.

All the texts and graphs except for blog posts are under Creative Commons License (CC BY SA) with the aim to make this information available to the public. We encourage you to use the materials in your work. In return, we would appreciate it if you would let us know what you have used. Blog posts can be reposted in exceptional cases. Please contact us if you wish to use this material.

We welcome your feedback and encourage you to comment and discuss the German Energiewende with us.